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命令行工具

PlatON命令行参数说明#

NAME:   platon - the platon-go command line interface
   Copyright 2019 The PlatON-Go Authors
USAGE:   platon [options] command [command options] [arguments...]
VERSION:   1.1.2-unstable
COMMANDS:   account           Manage accounts   attach            Start an interactive JavaScript environment (connect to node)   console           Start an interactive JavaScript environment   copydb            Create a local chain from a target chaindata folder   dump              Dump a specific block from storage   dumpconfig        Show configuration values   export-preimages  Export the preimage database into an RLP stream   import-preimages  Import the preimage database from an RLP stream   init              Bootstrap and initialize a new genesis block   inspect           Inspect the storage size for each type of data in the database   js                Execute the specified JavaScript files   license           Display license information   removedb          Remove blockchain and state databases   version           Print version numbers   help, h           Shows a list of commands or help for one command
PLATON OPTIONS:  --config value                      TOML configuration file  --datadir "/home/chenglin/.platon"  Data directory for the databases and keystore  --datadir.ancient                   Data directory for ancient chain segments (default = inside chaindata)  --keystore                          Directory for the keystore (default = inside the datadir)  --nousb                             Disables monitoring for and managing USB hardware wallets  --networkid value                   Network identifier (integer, 1=Frontier, 2=Morden (disused), 3=Ropsten, 4=Rinkeby) (default: 1)  --main                              Mainnet network: pre-configured main network (default network)  --testnet                           Testnet network: pre-configured test network  --syncmode "full"                   Blockchain sync mode ("fast", "full", or "light")  --identity value                    Custom node name  --lightserv value                   Maximum percentage of time allowed for serving LES requests (0-90) (default: 0)  --lightpeers value                  Maximum number of LES client peers (default: 100)  --lightkdf                          Reduce key-derivation RAM & CPU usage at some expense of KDF strength
DEVELOPER CHAIN OPTIONS:  --dev.period value  Block period to use in developer mode (0 = mine only if transaction pending) (default: 0)
TRANSACTION POOL OPTIONS:  --txpool.locals value         Comma separated accounts to treat as locals (no flush, priority inclusion)  --txpool.nolocals             Disables price exemptions for locally submitted transactions  --txpool.journal value        Disk journal for local transaction to survive node restarts (default: "transactions.rlp")  --txpool.rejournal value      Time interval to regenerate the local transaction journal (default: 1h0m0s)  --txpool.pricebump value      Price bump percentage to replace an already existing transaction (default: 10)  --txpool.accountslots value   Minimum number of executable transaction slots guaranteed per account (default: 16)  --txpool.globalslots value    Maximum number of executable transaction slots for all accounts (default: 16384)  --txpool.accountqueue value   Maximum number of non-executable transaction slots permitted per account (default: 64)  --txpool.globalqueue value    Maximum number of non-executable transaction slots for all accounts (default: 4096)  --txpool.globaltxcount value  Maximum number of transactions for package (default: 3000)  --txpool.lifetime value       Maximum amount of time non-executable transaction are queued (default: 3h0m0s)  --txpool.cacheSize value      After receiving the specified number of transactions from the remote, move the transactions in the queen to pending (default: 0)
PERFORMANCE TUNING OPTIONS:  --cache value           Megabytes of memory allocated to internal caching (default: 1024)  --cache.database value  Percentage of cache memory allowance to use for database io (default: 75)  --cache.gc value        Percentage of cache memory allowance to use for trie pruning (default = 25% full mode, 0% archive mode) (default: 25)  --cache.triedb value    Megabytes of memory allocated to triedb internal caching (default: 512)
ACCOUNT OPTIONS:  --unlock value           Comma separated list of accounts to unlock  --password value         Password file to use for non-interactive password input  --allow-insecure-unlock  Allow insecure account unlocking when account-related RPCs are exposed by http
API AND CONSOLE OPTIONS:  --rpc                  Enable the HTTP-RPC server  --rpcaddr value        HTTP-RPC server listening interface (default: "localhost")  --rpcport value        HTTP-RPC server listening port (default: 6789)  --rpcapi value         API's offered over the HTTP-RPC interface  --rpc.gascap value     Sets a cap on gas that can be used in eth_call/estimateGas (default: 0)  --ws                   Enable the WS-RPC server  --wsaddr value         WS-RPC server listening interface (default: "localhost")  --wsport value         WS-RPC server listening port (default: 6790)  --wsapi value          API's offered over the WS-RPC interface  --wsorigins value      Origins from which to accept websockets requests  --ipcdisable           Disable the IPC-RPC server  --ipcpath              Filename for IPC socket/pipe within the datadir (explicit paths escape it)  --rpccorsdomain value  Comma separated list of domains from which to accept cross origin requests (browser enforced)  --rpcvhosts value      Comma separated list of virtual hostnames from which to accept requests (server enforced). Accepts '*' wildcard. (default: "localhost")  --jspath loadScript    JavaScript root path for loadScript (default: ".")  --exec value           Execute JavaScript statement  --preload value        Comma separated list of JavaScript files to preload into the console
NETWORKING OPTIONS:  --bootnodes value          Comma separated enode URLs for P2P discovery bootstrap (set v4+v5 instead for light servers)  --bootnodesv4 value        Comma separated enode URLs for P2P v4 discovery bootstrap (light server, full nodes)  --port value               Network listening port (default: 16789)  --maxpeers value           Maximum number of network peers (network disabled if set to 0) (default: 60)  --maxconsensuspeers value  Maximum number of network consensus peers (network disabled if set to 0) (default: 40)  --maxpendpeers value       Maximum number of pending connection attempts (defaults used if set to 0) (default: 0)  --nat value                NAT port mapping mechanism (any|none|upnp|pmp|extip:<IP>) (default: "any")  --nodiscover               Disables the peer discovery mechanism (manual peer addition)  --netrestrict value        Restricts network communication to the given IP networks (CIDR masks)  --nodekey value            P2P node key file  --nodekeyhex value         P2P node key as hex (for testing)
MINER OPTIONS:  --miner.gasprice "1000000000"  Minimum gas price for mining a transaction  --miner.gastarget value        Target gas floor for mined blocks (default: 9424776)
GAS PRICE ORACLE OPTIONS:  --gpoblocks value      Number of recent blocks to check for gas prices (default: 20)  --gpopercentile value  Suggested gas price is the given percentile of a set of recent transaction gas prices (default: 60)
LOGGING AND DEBUGGING OPTIONS:  --nocompaction            Disables db compaction after import  --verbosity value         Logging verbosity: 0=silent, 1=error, 2=warn, 3=info, 4=debug, 5=detail (default: 3)  --vmodule value           Per-module verbosity: comma-separated list of <pattern>=<level> (e.g. eth/*=5,p2p=4)  --backtrace value         Request a stack trace at a specific logging statement (e.g. "block.go:271")  --debug                   Prepends log messages with call-site location (file and line number)  --pprof                   Enable the pprof HTTP server  --pprofaddr value         pprof HTTP server listening interface (default: "127.0.0.1")  --pprofport value         pprof HTTP server listening port (default: 6060)  --memprofilerate value    Turn on memory profiling with the given rate (default: 524288)  --blockprofilerate value  Turn on block profiling with the given rate (default: 0)  --cpuprofile value        Write CPU profile to the given file  --trace value             Write execution trace to the given file  --wasmlog value           output wasm contract log to file
METRICS AND STATS OPTIONS:  --metrics                          Enable metrics collection and reporting  --metrics.expensive                Enable expensive metrics collection and reporting  --metrics.influxdb                 Enable metrics export/push to an external InfluxDB database  --metrics.influxdb.endpoint value  InfluxDB API endpoint to report metrics to (default: "http://localhost:8086")  --metrics.influxdb.database value  InfluxDB database name to push reported metrics to (default: "platon")  --metrics.influxdb.username value  Username to authorize access to the database (default: "test")  --metrics.influxdb.password value  Password to authorize access to the database (default: "test")  --metrics.influxdb.tags value      Comma-separated InfluxDB tags (key/values) attached to all measurements (default: "host=localhost")
CBFT OPTIONS:  --cbft.msg_queue_size value      Message queue size (default: 1024)  --cbft.wal.disabled              Disable the Wal server  --cbft.max_ping_latency value    Maximum latency of ping (default: 2000)  --cbft.blskey value              BLS key file  --cbft.blacklist_deadline value  Blacklist effective time. uint:minute (default: "60")
DB OPTIONS:  --db.nogc               Disables database garbage collection  --db.gc_interval value  Block interval for garbage collection (default: 86400)  --db.gc_timeout value   Maximum time for database garbage collection (default: 1m0s)  --db.gc_mpt             Enables database garbage collection MPT  --db.gc_block value     Number of cache block states, default 10 (default: 10)
VM OPTIONS:  --vm.wasm_type value         The actual implementation type of the wasm instance (default: "wagon")  --vm.timeout_duration value  The VM execution timeout duration (uint: ms) (default: 0)
MISC OPTIONS:  --help, -h  show help

COPYRIGHT:   Copyright 2019 The PlatON-Go Authors

常用rpc命令#

  • 说明
    • rpc端口根据实际的启动命令进行变更,默认为:6789

admin#

  • 查看当前节点数据目录

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec admin.datadir
  • 查看当前节点的ChainID

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec admin.nodeInfo.protocols.platon.config.chainId
  • 查看当前节点的id

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec admin.nodeInfo.id
  • 查看当前节点的blsPubKey

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec admin.nodeInfo.blsPubKey
  • 查看当前节点的p2p端口号

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec admin.nodeInfo.ports.listener
  • 查看当前节点的peers的连接信息

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec admin.peers
  • 查看当前节点的创世区块hash

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec admin.nodeInfo.protocols.platon.genesis
  • 查看cbft共识每个共识轮单个节点的最大出块数($amount)

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec admin.nodeInfo.protocols.platon.config.cbft.amount
  • 查看cbft共识每个共识轮单个节点的出块的时间窗口($period,单位:ms)

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec admin.nodeInfo.protocols.platon.config.cbft.period

    出块时间间隔 = period / 1000 / amount

  • 获取二进制版本号和签名信息

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'admin.getProgramVersion()'
  • 获取零知识证明信息(用节点私钥去证明该接口出的证明是否正确,用于节点质押)

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'admin.getSchnorrNIZKProve()'
  • 查看底层使用的虚机类型(EVM/WASM)

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec admin.nodeInfo.protocols.platon.config.interpreter

platon#

  • 查看当前节点下所有的钱包地址

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec platon.accounts
  • 查看当前节点的块高

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec platon.blockNumber
  • 查询指定账户的余额($account为账户地址)

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'platon.getBalance("$account")'
  • 查询指定块的交易数量($blockNumber为指定块的块高或区块hash)

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'platon.getBlockTransactionCount($blockNumber)'
  • 查询交易信息($txHash为交易hash)

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'platon.getTransaction("$txHash")'
  • 查询交易回执($txHash为交易hash)

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'platon.getTransactionReceipt("$txHash")'
  • 查询指定账户的交易数(参数$address为账户地址,用于发交易时指定交易的nonce)

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'platon.getTransactionCount("$address")'
  • 查询当前节点正在pending的交易

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec platon.pendingTransactions
  • 查看当前节点默认的gasPrice(单位:von)

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec platon.gasPrice
  • 预估交易的gas(参数$transaction为交易详情,单位:von)

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'platon.estimateGas($transaction)'

    如:

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'platon.estimateGas({from:"lax1fyeszufxwxk62p46djncj86rd553skpptsj8v6",to:"lax1zhllhqu72wz66cdwly8983xhla2sann75j2ec2",value:"0x10000000000000",data:"0x11",gas:"0x88888",gasprice:"0x333333",nonce:"11"})'
  • 查看当前节点底层版本的p2p协议号

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'web3.toDecimal(platon.protocolVersion)'
  • 查看当前节点是否在同步

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec platon.syncing
  • 获取指定区块详情

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'platon.getBlock($blockNumber)

personal#

  • 生成钱包(参数为钱包密码)

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'personal.newAccount("88888888")'
  • 导入私钥,生成钱包

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'personal.importRawKey($privateKey,$password)'

    参数:

    • privateKey:私钥,去除开头的0x
    • password:钱包密码

    返回:

    • 钱包地址

    例子:

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'personal.importRawKey("842d943dbb50a8d3fe63af2f82fda3d8f0ca817fe8d47e61698142bac7c24212","88888888")'
  • 查看账户地址

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'personal.listAccounts'
  • 查看本地钱包信息,包括钱包地址,钱包文件路径,钱包状态

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'personal.listWallets'
  • 锁账户

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'personal.lockAccount(platon.accounts[0])'
  • 解锁账户

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'personal.unlockAccount(platon.accounts[0],"88888888",24*3600)'

    参数:

    • 账户地址
    • 钱包密码
    • 解锁时间,单位:秒
    • 发送未签名的交易
    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'personal.sendTransaction({from:platon.accounts[2],to:platon.accounts[0],value:web3.toVon("0.1","lat"),nonce:platon.getTransactionCount(platon.accounts[2])},"88888888")'

net#

  • 查看当前节点的networkid

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec net.version
  • 查看当前节点的p2p端口是否处于监听状态

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec net.listening
  • 查看当前节点的peers连接数

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec net.peerCount

debug#

  • 查询当前节点经济模型配置参数

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'debug.economicConfig()'
  • 设置日志级别

    platon attach http://localhost:6789 -exec 'debug.verbosity(4)'

    日志级别说明:

    0:CRIT

    1:ERROR

    2:WARN

    3:INFO

    4:DEBUG

    5:TRACE